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The district is bounded on the North by Morena, Gwalior and Datia districts, on the East by Jhansi district of U.P, on the West by Kota district of Rajasthan and on the South by Guna district. The district headquarter Shivpuri is located on NH-3 (Agra-Bombay National Highway) at a 113 Km from Gwalior and 98 Km from Guna. The district is mostly laid out over small hill tops covered with deciduous forests where the slope is gentle with verdant vegetation and good forests round about, the landscape is generally pleasing.

Brief Profile of the District Shivpuri (Madhya Pradesh): Fact File:-

Sl. No. Parameters Unit
1 District Area 10278 Sq. Kilometers
2 Forest Area 102405 Hectare
3 Cultivated land Area 507494 Hectare
4 Revenue Area 93204
5 Agriculture Land Area 67892
6 Irrigated Area 19688
7 Non-irrigated 153737
8 Total Number of Khate 63756
Sl. No. District Main Crops 2010-11 Area (Rakva) in Hect.
1 Soyabean 26013
2 Wheat 11000
3 Gram 6800
4 Sarso 9300
5 Urad 1653
6 Maize 1000
7 Groundnut 1918
8 Til 721
9 Alsi 20
10 Masoor 90
11 Grain 289
12 Moong 36
13 Jower 85
Sl. No. Parameter Co-ordinates
1 Lattitude 24.6-25.6 degrees
2 Longitude 77.0-78.4 degrees
3 Sea Level Height 521.5 meters
Sl. No. District Major Offices Numbers
1 Sub Divisions 05
2 Tehsil 08
3 Block ( Janpad) 08
4 Gram Panchayats 614
5 Municipality 01
6 Total Villages (habitations) 1326
7 Viran Villages (be-chirag/unhabitated) 125
8 Forest Villages 15
9 RI circle 18
10 Patwari Circle 378
11 Police Stations 28
12 Police Chowkis 11
13 Assembly Constituencies 5
14 Nagar Panchayats 07

Census Figures

Sl. No. Population Census Figures 2001 Census Figures 2011
1 Total Population 1441950 1725818
2 Rural population 1202077 NA
3 Urban Population 239673 NA
4 Male population 776190 919369
5 Female Population 665760 806413
Sl. No. Caste-wise Population Ratio In 2001 In 2011
1 General 70.03% 68.17%
2 SC 18.78% 18.63%
3 ST 11.19% 13.20%
Sl. No. Literacy & Sex Ratio In 2001 In 2011
1 Population Growth per decade 30.84% 22.70%
2 Literacy 59.55% 63.70%
3 Male Literacy 74.78% 76.20%
4 Female Literacy 41.54% 49.50%
5 Sex Ratio 858 877
Sl. No. Road length & Electrified Villages Unit
1 Road Length 1496 Kilometers
2 Pucca Road 1256 Kilometers
3 Kuchha Road 240 kilometers
4 No. of Electrified Villages 1280

Physical Aspects

The district can be bifurcated into three main divisions based on its geology.

  • The Bundelkhand trap: It comprises mostly Pre-Dharwarian granites, which consists of sparsely cultivated uplands and shallow valley. It covers eastern half of the district with an area of 1,539 Sq. miles (3985.99 Sq. Kms.) approximately.
  • The Upper Vindhyas: Sandstone of Kaimur Rewa and Bhander are commonly found in this region. The dips are very shallow and this suggests that there has been a very little disturbance since Vindhyan period. This region occupies the western half of the district.
  • The Deccan Trap: It mainly constitutes undulating plains and flat topped ranges of the hill. It covers an area of 426 sq. miles (1103.34 Sq. Kms.) towards the southern parts of the district viz.- towards Bhadarwas, Barokra Laterite and Aluminum are also found in the region and cover an area of 374.80 Sq. miles (968.66 sq. kms).

  • Rivers and Drainage

    There are for main rivers namely The Parwati, The Sindh, The Kuno and The Betwa, which pass through the district. The Parwati is a tributary of Sindh River and joins it near Pawaya in Gwalior district .It is perennial but not navigable. The Sindh enters from Guna district and flowing north for a while than towards east forming the boundary between Gwalior and Datia districts and finally flows through Bhind to join the Chambal. The Kuno is tributary of the Chambal. It flows north from Shivpuri district to Morena and joins the Chambal. The Betwa or Vetravati rises in Raisen district and flows through Raisen, Vidisha, Guna, Shivpuri and Jhansi districts. Mata Tila Dam is across this river.


    Climate

    Shivpuri has a cool and dry climate .The hot weather starts from about the middle of April and lasts up to mid of May. The temperature in June touches 42o C. By the end of June or by the 1st week of July, the monsoon breaks and the weather becomes cool, through humid. The district receives its rains from the Arabian Sea. The rains are over generally by end of September. Shivpuri receives on an average 875 mm of rain.


    The Flora

    The species of trees commonly found in the district are Khair, Kardhai, Dhow, Salaj, Tendu, Palas, Mahua, Karch, Karey, Saja, Koha, Jamun, Saj.Dhaman Kaim, Semal, Tinach and Amaltas. The normal height of a tree is about 15O to 20O and the girth is 40 cm to 50 cm.


    The Fauna

    Wild life has been steadily declining in the district, due to indiscriminate shooting and cutting of forests. In ancient times the forests were thick and a good number of animals could be seen. The district has a national park where a good number of animals can be watched and admired. The following animals are still found. Nahar tiger (Felis tigris), tendua–panther (pelis pardus), ladaya jackal (Cummins aurens), lakkad baggha hyena (Hyena striata), Bhalu, Sloth bear (Melxerus ursinus), Sambhar (Carvas unicolar), suar, wild bear (Sus crislatus), Lomdi-fox (Vulpes bengaleneis), Chinkara (Gasells benetti), Kala Hiran–black buck (Antelope cervicapra) and Langur black faced monkeys (Semli petheous entellus). Among the main common birds, the following are found the common Myna, Shikra Hawk, The common Crow, The commons gray house Crow and all black crows, the harival green Pigeon, the Grey jungle fowl, The Mor-Peacock, Jungle bush Quail and bustard Quail.


    Agriculture

    Shivpuri is mainly an agricultural district and so cultivation is the main occupation of the people .The dependence on cultivation can be viewed from the fact that 83.38 percent of the total workers of district are engaged in agriculture either as cultivators (70.40%) or as agriculture laborers (12.98%). Rice, Jowar, Bajra, Maize, Wheat and Barley are the main cereal crops. Gram & Tur (Arhar) are the main pulses grown in the district, Sugarcane, condiments and spices; sesamum (til) and linseed are other crops of the district..


    Communications

    The district is much better off in its road communication for it lies 116 kms, south of Gwalior on Agra-Bombay National Highway No. 3 which is an excellent all weather road. This road connects the district to Gwalior, Agra and Delhi in the north and Guna, Bhopal, Ujjain, Indore and Bombay in the south. Apart from this Highway Shivpuri is well connected with Jhansi by all weather National Highway No. 25 which goes up to Kanpur, Lucknow and beyond. Another road connects Sheopur district. From the Agra Bombay National Highway another road branches off to Kota. There is no airport in the district. Recently Shivpuri has been connected by rail to Gwalior and Guna.